Thursday, August 9, 2012

Tomás Navarro Tomás



"Twenty-five years full of experiences, fertilized with

life teaching poor, rough and difficult, have matured her figure

manly and soul of a pastor, poet and militant. Feel broadly

and depth of the tragedy of Spain, the sacrifice of the people and mission

of youth. Served his people as a poet and soldier. His spirit,

ignition of a pure ideal of justice and freedom, pour generously

in their poetic compositions and in his military life ...

The dignity of tone, rhythm and concept, revive their

lips in many passages of the epic resonances Ballad. "

Wind From the foreword of the people (1937). Miguel Hernandez, peasant poet in the trenches, by T. Navarro Tomás.

THE VOICE OF A GREAT FILÓLOGOTomás Navarro Tomás, belonging to the first class or first generation of disciples of Ramón Menéndez Pidal, along with Damaso Alonso, Federico de Onis and Vicente Garcia de Diego, is not strictly literary critic, but his studies of pronunciation, intonation and metrics have contributed in many ways to illuminate the difficult technical problems in the analysis of poetry. His Spanish Metrics. Historical and Descriptive (1956), is a fundamental work on versification. A compendium of it was published under the title Art of Verse (1959), a book whose apparent modesty of its author's very own, should not obscure its usefulness.

The philologist Thomas Thomas Navarro was born in Roda, Albacete, on April 12, 1884 and died in Northampton, Massachusetts, on September 16, 1979. He attended primary school and early high school in his hometown, then continued his studies at Villena. He studied Philosophy at the University of Valencia and the Universidad Central de Madrid where he was a pupil of Menendez Pidal, in which a Ph.D. in Romance Philology in 1908. Oposit the Corps of Archivists, Librarians and Archaeologists and took his place in position? Vila in January 1910 and, months later, the National Historical Archive of Madrid. He married Dolores Guirao. Between 1912 and 1914 with a grant from the Board for the Extension of Studies and dialectology phonetics studied at universities in France, Germany and Switzerland. On his return he was appointed professor at the Center for Historical Studies in Madrid, which had been founded at the initiative of the Board of Extension of Studies and was director Ramon Menendez Pidal, while he took over the direction of the Laboratory of Phonetics Experimental Center and the management of the Journal of Spanish Philology.

Under his leadership it became the Linguistic Atlas of the Iberian Peninsula. Later collaborated with the Society of Basque Studies in research on the Basque language. He moved to the University of Puerto Rico and several U.S. universities where he conducted linguistic studies. In 1931 the Centre for Historical Studies had the bright idea of ​​training with the Spaniard Tomas Navarro and Eduardo Martínez Torner called the Word file and Popular Song, that is, the tape recording to the media at the time of speaking, singing and dances of the Spanish regions were recorded and where the voices of prominent figures. In 1930 he was appointed Professor of Phonetics at the University of Madrid. In 1935 he joined the Spanish Language Academy, with a speech on the Castilian accent. During the war provoked by the military rebellion of General Franco was accidental Director of the National Library of Spain and responsible for saving bibliographic treasure before the bombing of the capital of Spain. In 1937 he traveled to Russia. Moved to Valencia was a collaborator of the magazine Madrid: Journal of the House of Culture

In January 1939, is on the road of exile, along with other intellectuals, including Joaquin Xirau, Corpus Barga and Antonio Machado, from the French border. From France he went to America where he taught Spanish Philology at Columbia University, New York, he also taught at the University of Puerto Rico, at Middlebury College in Vermont and at Duke University, North Carolina. He was editor of the Modern Hispanic, University of Columbia. He was a member of the Spanish Culture Board, which agreed to the creation of Spain Pilgrim, which was also the organ of the Board, the first cultural journal of exile. He was also a contributor to the magazine Romance, which appeared in February 1940.

Between the relevant titles of his many books are: Spanish pronunciation Manual (1918), The Castilian accent (1935), Handbook of Spanish intonation (1944), Studies in Spanish phonology (1946), Spanish for Puerto Rico (1956 ), Spanish pronunciation guide (1956), Spanish Metrics. Historical and Descriptive (1956), linguistic Documents Alto Aragón (1957), Art of Verse (1959) Linguistic Atlas of the Iberian Peninsula (1962), only the first volume of the ten planned, and the voice and intonation in literary characters (1976). And as a philologist Albacete said: "There is no phonetic changes reflects a circumstance worthy of being taken into account in the multiple expression of the spoken word."

Francisco Arias Solis

The case against Garzon is an insult to the Spanish democracy.

For a dignified judiciary.


In Cadiz: Plaza de San Juan de Dios. Tuesday April 13 at 20:00.

Internet Users for Peace and Freedom and Free Forum.


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